Vijayadasami reveres either Durga or Rama's victory over evil depending on the region.
|Also called||Dussehra, Dasara, Navratri|
|Significance||Celebrates the victory of good over evil|
|Celebrations||Marks the end of Durga Puja or Ramlila|
|Observances||pandals (stages), plays, community gathering, recitation of scriptures, immersion of Durga or burning of Ravana|
|Date||Ashvin (September or October)|
|2017 date||30 Sep, Sat|
|2018 date||1 October, Thu|
Vijayadashami (IAST: Vijayadaśamī, pronounced [ʋɪʝəjəðəʃmɪ]]) also known as Dasara, Dusshera or Dussehra is a major Hindu festival celebrated at the end of Navratri every year. It is observed on the tenth day in the Hindu calendar month of Ashvin, the seventh month of the Hindu Luni-Solar Calendar, which typically falls in the Gregorian months of September and October.
Vijayadasami is observed for different reasons and celebrated differently in various parts of the Indian subcontinent. In the eastern and northeastern states of India, Vijayadashami marks the end of Durga Puja, remembering goddess Durga's victory over the buffalo demon Mahishasura to help restore Dharma. In the northern, southern and western states, the festival is synonymously called Dussehra (also spelled Dasara, Dashahara). In these regions, it marks the end of "Ramlila" and remembers God Rama's victory over the demon Ravana, or alternatively it marks a reverence for one of the aspects of goddess Devi such as Durga or Saraswati.
Vijayadashami celebrations include processions to a river or ocean front that carry clay statues of Durga, Lakshmi, Saraswati, Ganesha and Kartikeya, accompanied by music and chants, after which the images are immersed into the water for dissolution and a goodbye. Elsewhere, on Dasara, the towering effigies of Ravana symbolizing the evil are burnt with fireworks marking evil's destruction. The festival also starts the preparation for one of the most important and widely celebrated Diwali, the festival of lights, which is celebrated twenty days after the Vijayadashami.
Etymology and nomenclature
Vijayadashami (Devanagari: विजयदशमि ) (Kannada: ವಿಜಯದಾಶಿಮಿ) (Telugu: విజయదశమి) is a composite of two words "Vijaya"(विजय) and "Dashami"(दशमी), which respectively mean "victory" and "tenth", connoting the festival on the tenth day celebrating the victory of good over evil. The same Hindu festival-related term, however, takes different forms in different regions of India and Nepal, as well as among Hindu minorities found elsewhere.
According to James Lochtefeld, the word Dussehra (Devanagari: दशहर) (Kannada: ದಸರಾ ಹಬ್ಬ) is a variant of Dashahara which is a compound Sanskrit word composed of "dasham"(दशम) and "ahar" (अहर), respectively meaning "10" and "day". According to Monier Williams, Dus (दुश) means "bad, evil, sinful", and Hara (हर) means "removing, destroying", connoting "removing the bad, destroying the evil, sinful".
Regional variations in Hinduism
In most of northern and western India, Dasha-Hara (literally, "ten days") is celebrated in honour of Rama. Thousands of drama-dance-music plays based on the Ramayana and Ramcharitmanas (Ramlila) are performed at outdoor fairs across the land and in temporarily built staging grounds featuring effigies of the demons Ravana, Kumbhakarna and Meghanada. The effigies are burnt on bonfires in the evening of Vijayadashami-Dussehra. While Dussehra is observed on the same day across India, the festivities leading to it vary. In many places, the "Rama Lila", or the brief version of the story of Rama, Sita and Lakshamana, is enacted over the 9 days before it, but in some cities such as Varanasi the entire story is freely acted out by performance-artists before the public every evening for a month.
The performance arts tradition during the Dussehra festival was inscribed by UNESCO as one of the "Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity" in 2008. The festivities, states UNESCO, include songs, narration, recital and dialogue based on the Hindu text Ramacharitmanas by Tulsidas. It is celebrated across northern India for dussehra, but particularly in historically important Hindu cities of Ayodhya, Varanasi, Vrindavan, Almora and Madhubani – cities in Uttar Pradesh, Utarakhand, Bihar and Madhya Pradesh. The festival and dramatic enactment of the virtues versus vices filled story is organized by communities in hundreds of small villages and towns, attracting a mix of audiences from different social, gender and economic backgrounds. In many parts of India, the audience and villagers join in and participate spontaneously, some helping the artists, others helping with stage setup, make-up, effigies and lights. These arts come to a close on the night of Dussehra, when the victory of Rama is celebrated by burning the effigies of evil, Ravana and his colleagues.
Main article: Kullu Dussehra
Kullu Dussehra is celebrated in the Kullu valley of Himachal Pradesh, and is regionally notable for its large fair and parade witnessed by estimated half a million people. The festival is a symbol of victory of good over evil by Raghu Nath, and is celebrated like elsewhere in the Indian subcontinent with a procession. The special feature of the Kullu Dasara procession is the arrival of floats containing deities from different parts of the nearby regions and their journey to Kullu.
Vijayadasami is celebrated in a variety of ways in South India.[better source needed] Celebrations range from worshipping Durga, lighting up temples and major forts such as at Mysore, to displaying colorful figurines, known as a golu.
The festival played a historical role in the 14th-century Vijayanagara Empire, where it was called Mahanavami. The Italian traveller Niccolò de' Conti described the festival's intensity and importance as a grandeur religious and martial event with royal support. The event revered Durga as the warrior goddess (some texts refer to her as Chamundeshwari). The celebrations hosted athletic competitions, singing and dancing, fireworks, a pageantry military parade and charitable giving to the public.
The city of Mysore has traditionally been a major center of Dasara-Vijayadashami celebrations.
Another significant and notable tradition of several South Indian regions has been the dedication of this festival to Saraswati, the Hindu goddess of knowledge, learning, music and arts. She is worshipped, along with instruments of one's trade during this festival. In South India, people maintain, clean and worship their instruments, tools of work and implements of their livelihood during this festival, remembering Goddess Saraswati and Durga.
In Maharashtra, the deities installed on the first day of Navratri are immersed in water. Observers visit each other and exchange sweets.
The festival has been historically important in Maharashtra. Shivaji, who challenged the Mughal Empire in the 17th-century and created a Hindu kingdom is western and central India, would deploy his soldiers to assist farmers in cropping lands and adequate irrigation to guarantee food supplies. Post monsoons, on Vijayadashami, these soldiers would leave their villages and reassemble to serve in the military, re-arm and obtain their deployment orders, then proceed to the frontiers for active duty.
In Gujarat, both goddess Durga and god Rama are revered for their victory over evil. Fasting and prayers at temples are common. A regional dance called Dandia Ras, that deploys colorfully decorated sticks, and Garba that is dancing in traditional dress is a part of the festivities through the night.
In Mewar region of Rajasthan, both Durga and Rama have been celebrated on Vijayadashami, and it has been a major festival for Rajput warriors.
Main article: Durga Puja
Vijaya Dasami is observed after Navratri, on the tenth day, marked by a great procession where the clay statues are ceremoniously walked to a river or ocean coast for a solemn goodbye to Durga. Many mark their faces with vermilion (sindoor) or dress in something red. It is an emotional day for some devotees, and the congregation sings emotional goodbye songs. When the procession reaches the water, Durga is immersed, the clay dissolves, and she is believed to return to Mount Kailasha with Shiva and cosmos in general. People distribute sweets and gifts, visit their friends and family members. Some communities such as those near Varanasi mark the eleventh day, called ekadashi, by visiting a Durga temple.
In Nepal, Vijayadashami follows the festival of Dashain. Youngsters visit the elders in their family, distant ones come to their native homes, and students visit their school teachers. The elders and teachers welcome the youngsters, mark their foreheads with Tilak and bless them. The family reveres the Hindu goddess of wealth Lakshmi, hoping for virtuous success and prosperity in the year ahead.
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Mysore Dasara procession and celebrations in Karnataka are a major tourist attraction.
Dussehra is an important festival of Hindus which is celebrated with delight in all over India. It is organized on the Dasami date of the Shukla Paksha of Ashwin Mas. Lord Rama had killed Ravana on this day and Goddess Durga had conquered Mahishasur after the war of nine nights and 10 days. Dussehra is celebrated as the victory of truth on the unreal. Hence it is also known as Vijaya Dashmi.
Happy Dussehra Picture
Dussehra is considered to be one of the three very auspicious months of the year. On this day people worship arms, vehicles and books. It is believed that there is success in the work initiated on the day of Dussehra. Therefore, to start any new work, it is started on this day. In ancient times, the king used to pray for victory on this day and came out for war. Maratha Ratna Shivaji also went out against Aurangzeb on this day and protected Hindu religion.
To celebrate the Dasara festival, large fairs are organized in place. Here people come with their family, friends and enjoy the fair under the open sky. Various types of items, bangles, toys and clothes are sold in the fair. Along with this the food is also full of dishes. Ramlila is also organized at this time. On this day, the effigies of Ravana, his brother Kumbhakarna and Meghnad are burnt. Artists take on the form of Rama, Sita and Lakshman and they shoot these effigies with the arrow of fire. The effigies are full of firecrackers and they start to burn as soon as the fire starts. The crackers in them begin to burst and end them. This festival symbolizes the victory of good over evil.
The festival of Dusshera is celebrated in different states of India. Durgah of Kullu in Himachal Pradesh is very famous. The hill people here take their poojamam pahajamasam puja. In Punjab, nine days of Dussehra Navaratri are celebrated with fasting. The festival of Dusshera is celebrated with the worship of Mother Danteshwari in Bastar. In Bengal, Orissa and Assam it is celebrated as Durgapuja. There are beautiful statues of ladies set up. Mother Durga is worshiped for four days of Saptami, Ashtami, Navami and Dashami. Of these, special worship is done on the Dasami day. Ladies are Goddess Vedas and they play a vermilion game. In Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka, Dussehra lasts nine days, in which worship of Goddess Lakshmi, Saraswati and Durga is performed. Dussehra festival is celebrated by the Garba dance in Gujarat. In this, the virgin girls dance with a colorful pitcher on the head. Mother Durga is dedicated to Navratri in nine days before Dussehra in Maharashtra. In Kashmir, the first nine days of Dusshera is the tradition of fasting and drinking only water.
There is also a cultural aspect of Dushehra. India is a farming country. When a farmer brings a grain of Rupees to his farm by cultivating a golden crop in his farm, his happiness is not adequate. On the occasion of this happiness, he accepts God’s grace and worshiped him to reveal it. The festival of Dussehra gives 10 types of sins to give inspiration to abandonment of work, anger, greed, attachment, item, envy, ego, idleness, violence and theft. In this way, Dussehra is a festival of joy and it fills us with renewed enthusiasm for life.
Dussehra is an important and long festival of India. Throughout the country, it is celebrated by people of Hindu religion with full enthusiasm, love, faith and respect. This is a really good time for everyone to have fun. The Dussehra festival also offers a few days leave for schools and colleges. These festivals occur every year in the month of September and October 20 days before Diwali. People are eagerly waiting for this festival.
India is a country which is known for its tradition and culture, fairs and festivals. Here people celebrate every festival with full enthusiasm – joy and happiness. With the importance of the Hindu festival, the Gazetted holiday is announced on this festival of Dussehra by the Government of India to celebrate this festival with full joy. Dusshera means ‘King Ram of goodness on the Ravana king of evil’. Dussehra’s real meaning is the end of the tenth day on the tenth day of this festival of Asur. Tenth day of this festival is celebrated with the burning of Ravana by all people all over the country.
According to customs and traditions of people in many areas of the country, there are many stories about this festival. This festival was started by the Hindu people from the day that Lord Rama had killed Asur Raja Ravana on Dussehra (in the month of Ashu’uja of the Hindu calendar). Lord Rama hit Ravana because he had taken away Mother Sita and was not ready to return. After this Lord Ram defeated Ravana with Hanuman’s warrior army and Laxman.
According to the Hindu scriptures Ramayana, it is said that Raja Ram made Chandi home to please Goddess Durga and receive blessings. Accordingly, knowing the secret of killing Ravana on the tenth day of war, he had conquered it. After finally killing Ravan, Ram got Sita back. Dusshera is also called Durgotsav, because it is believed that on the tenth day, Durga too had killed Asirur Mahishasur. A big fair is organized in Ramlila Maidan of every region where people of other areas come to see the dramatic stage of Ramlila with this fair.
Dashahara is a major festival of Hindus. This festival is celebrated for ten days in the Shukla Paksha of the twenty-third month. These days, worship of various forms of Durga is worshiped. The last day of the festival is celebrated as Vijayadashami. The victory of truth on the untrue is the main message of this festival.
Mother Durga is the goddess goddess of power. Power is very important in life, so devotees pray for strength from Durga. Statue of Mahishasur Mardini Mata Durga is set up in Pt. Bengal, Bihar, Jharkhand and other states. Durga Sasvashti is being read for nine days. Shankh, Ghandial and Nagaradas are ringed. Smoky in the places of worship. The torches are decorated. Fasting and fasting are kept in Navaratri. There is a special puja in the temples. There are programs to share the prasad and anchor running.
Ramlila is staged in different provinces of North India. It is said that on the day of Vijaya Dashami Lord Rama slaughtered the King of Lanka, the proud king. Ravana was a tyrannical and arrogant king. He kidnapped Ram’s wife Sita with the trick. Ram has made friendship with Wanarraj Sugriva to liberate Sita from the clutches of Ravana. They crossed the sea with the Vanary army and climbed on Ravana. The fierce battle took place. In this war, all the heroic warriors, Meghnad, Kumbhakarna, Ravana, were killed. Ram, who came to his ashram, made his brother Vibhishan, the brother of Ravana, became the king of Lanka and his wife left for Sita to Ayodhya. Ramlila shows a detailed view of these incidents. By this Shriram’s demeanor purushottam form is exposed.
There are other religious and cultural programs along with Ramlila. Fairs are organized at the place of place. Children participate with enthusiasm in the fair. They swing swinging and watch sports. There is enthusiasm and enthusiasm on every side. On Vijaya Dashmi, the program of combustion of the effigies of Ravana, Meghnad and Kumbhakarna is done. Thousands of people participate in this. By burning effigies, people repeat the message of good victory over evil. There are also attractive fireworks on this occasion. Then people eat and share sweets.
On the day of Vijaya Dashami, there is a program of immersion of the statues of Mother Durga. People move on with trucks and trolleys by carrying statues. A large number of people are involved in this procession. The statues are taken through different routes and taken to the banks of river or lake. There they are immersed. In this way, the festival that lasted for ten days ends.
Dussehra is a festival of devotion and dedication. Devotees worship Lord Durga with devotion. In Navaratri, nine different forms of Durga are worshiped. According to the requirement, Durga, Shellpurutri, Brahmacharini, Kushmanda etc. take various forms and destroy the demonic powers. They are power etc. He is the only Shiva wife Parvati. The world desires to destroy them and destroy their inner demonic power. Durga Roop Jai gives birth and ends the hatred. They end up with man’s wealth.
In India, Dussehra of Kutchu Valley is very famous in Himachal Pradesh. People here and abroad come to see Dussehra here. Here is the triennial of reverence, devotion and joy.
In this way Dashera comes every year and people are filled with devotion. Through festivals, people eradicate their bore and generate new excitement of working within them.
Short Essay & Speech on Dussehra for School Students in Hindi
Happy Dussehra Hindi Essay
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