Based on its review of the evidence, the committee determined that training needs to target and reach a range of audiences in a variety of settings (e.g., urban and rural; tribal lands, territories, and states). Specific audiences include, but are not limited to,
• parents and caregivers,
• teachers and other school personnel,
• physicians and other health care providers,
• child welfare professionals,
• community- and faith-based organizations,
• law enforcement personnel,
• attorneys in juvenile and criminal courts,
• judges in juvenile and criminal courts,
• mental health professionals, and
• social workers.
In addition, as noted in Chapter 10, training activities need to be ongoing to ensure that training levels are sustained among professionals in fields that experience high rates of turnover and/or transfers. Based on its overall conclusion that efforts to address the commercial sexual exploitation and sex trafficking of minors should build on the core capacities of various individuals and entities, the committee encourages the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), in partnership with the Departments of Education and Health and Human Services, to engage relevant sectors in developing, implementing, and evaluating training activities that use evidence-based methods to promote adult learning (NRC, 1999). Broad engagement will help ensure that the necessary training is available, accessible, and acceptable for multiple audiences. Further, each sector should be consulted to determine the best methods for providing the training, recognizing that needs may vary, for example, between focused task forces and rural providers and between law enforcement personnel and health care providers. Likewise, the training needs of general health care providers (e.g., primary care providers) likely will differ from those of health care providers who routinely interact with and examine victims of abuse (e.g., forensic nurses). Therefore, while it is necessary to increase awareness of commercial sexual exploitation and sex trafficking of minors among all health care providers, training activities will need to be developed for different specific audiences (e.g., both general awareness training and highly specialized training).
Strategies might include leveraging existing programs and expanding
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