Today’s world values activity. People are assessed by how much they do, how they behave, how communicative they are, and how well they socialize. The active way of life is the undisputed desirable norm, and many people around the world take a high level of activity for granted—they never question it. However, there are also a group of people, who, due to their personality, feel uncomfortable about being excessively active. This personality type is known as an introvert. This term has come to be used as a synonym for grim, dull, or even asocial, and thus needs to be clarified, since introversion is not a pathology. Introverts have a different approach to life from the one that has been adopted as exemplary by mainstream culture.
So what is introversion? Merriam-Webster’s Online dictionary defines introversion as the state or tendency toward being wholly or predominantly concerned with and interested in one’s own mental life. Dictionary.com, among other meanings, defines introversion as being a shy. According to Charles Martin, an introvert is a person whose “energy comes from dealing with the ideas and reactions within one’s head, in the inner world” (Martin). Susan Cain says that, opposite to extroverts, “introverts prefer less stimulating environments and tend to enjoy quiet concentration, listen more than they talk, and think before they speak” (Cain).
In light of this, introversion can be defined as an individual’s tendency to concentrate and reflect on their own inner world, giving a priority to thinking over acting, and adhering to a comfortable environment. They prefer to spend more time on their own or with a couple of people they know well.
Introversion grants individuals with a set of features, which makes them completely different from the type of personality presented by extroverts. According to Cain, introverts prefer to limit their circles to a few acquaintances; however, they build extremely stable and long-lasting relationships (Cain); they tend to know people better than extroverts. Introverts become exhausted rather quickly by constant contact with other people.
Introverts often prefer to work alone as opposed to with a team. They do not take action as quickly as extroverts, and tend to ponder over a problem at hand before starting to solve it. However, due of this, they often foresee consequences that escape their extrovert counterparts, thus taking more effective actions and making more efficient decisions. Due to the peculiarities of their thinking process, introverts are often misunderstood by those around them; they are often believed to be detached and unemotional, though they might be simply thinking about their interlocutor’s words. They could be experiencing a real emotional storm inside, but show little of it on the outside.
Introversion is considered an aberration, but this is because modern societies have developed so many extroverts. According to Marty O. Laney, about 75% of people are extroverts (Laney). She also claims that personality types cannot be changed—only slight modifications are possible. This can seem upsetting, but in fact, it allows many people to feel comfortable with their introversion. They can stop trying to become someone they are not and learn how to live comfortably in the extroverts’ world.
Therefore, introversion is not an aberration or pathology. In fact, it is a type of personality, possessed by approximately 25% of the world’s population, which involves a completely different way of thinking and functioning than is considered normal nowadays. Generally speaking, introversion is a tendency to concentrate on the inner world. Introverts often give priority to thinking over acting, and prefer to adhere to a comfortable environment. They are as sociable as extroverts, but choose to limit the number of people they associate with. They prefer instead to establish deeper relationships with fewer people. Being an introvert is a unique chance to look at the world from the other side, and there is no need for such individuals to try to be someone else.
1. Martin, Charles R. “Extraversion or Introversion.” The Myers & Briggs Foundation. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Dec. 2013. <http://www.myersbriggs.org/my-mbti-personality-type/mbti-basics/extraversion-or-introversion.asp>.
2. Cain, Susan. “The Secret Power of Introverts.” Interview by Jenna Goudreau. Forbes. Forbes Magazine, 26 Jan. 2012. Web. 21 Jan. 2013. <http://www.forbes.com/sites/jennagoudreau/2012/01/26/the-secret-power-of-introverts/>.
3. Laney, Marti Olsen. The Introvert Advantage: How to Thrive in an Extrovert World. New York: Workman Pub., 2002. Print.
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Writing a Definition Essay
Personality forms the basis of the whole of psychology. People from all over the world have long been interested in the question of what our nature is and how we differ from each other. Types of personality help us for to learn something about another person and somehow predict his actions and behavior in a few minutes. Psychology considers two types of identity, fundamentally different from each other. These are extroverts and introverts. These concepts were introduced by such well-known psychologists as Carl Gustav Jung and Hans Jürgen Eysenck. An extrovert is a type of person who is oriented to external conditions, to people around him, to relationships with them, in general, all his behavior is oriented toward outside manifestation. An introvert is a complete opposite. This type of people is more focused on themselves and on their inner world. The introvert lives more in the inner world, ignoring the outer world. He is immersed in himself, not talkative, but thoughtful and very attentive. Such an individual can delve into many things that the extrovert perceives superficially. The following essay answers a question about my type of personality.
I’m a pathological introvert. First, let’s think about what we already have discovered about introverts? Basically, we can read about them from books and articles on psychology, whose authors sometimes succinctly and formally describe this type of personality. In many books and articles that I have read, with rare exceptions, introverts are described superficially. The information they contain about these people is not enough to understand people of this type, and what are their features and advantages compared to extroverts. Perhaps this is due to the fact that introverts are always in the minority. According to my personal experience, very few people really try to understand people who are like me. It is very difficult to understand a person who is closed from you, who lives his inner world and is not going to let it all in a row.
As for my example personal, I prefer solitude. I can say that I feel comfortable only in the circle of the closest friends or relatives. It is more pleasant to me to communicate with books on science fiction than with other people. Although sometimes I really need a companion to share my thoughts and inner experiences with him, but preferably one who will listen to me attentively. I am inclined to creativity, inner experiences, as well as to reflections and dreams.
As a rule, the introvert is more of a passive person, but in many cases, this is only visible passivity. The fact is that introverts tend to think deeply, their activity is more expressed in mental research, than in continuous action and pathos behavior. From the outside, it always seems as a passivity and lack of involvement. This formulation perfectly describes me.
I do not want to attract too much attention. I always try to avoid publicity and go on stage, I can always be noticed somewhere on the side, at the back of the desk, in the corner. This, in turn, allows me to be secretive and observant, to make a detailed analysis of any situation, to draw more or less objective conclusions. Introverts in most cases, are much smarter than people around them think, but they do not always show their attainments. It is enough for me to do the necessary conclusions only for myself for solving my current problems and tasks.
Due to this reason, I do not like to show off in public. I do not care what people think of me. I do not have an ambiguous answer if it’s good or bad, but considering that I’m already enough year old, it’s unlikely I’ll ever be able to change myself. Moreover, I do not need it.